We updated child mortality

We updated the data in child mortality (under-five mortality) with data for 2013, and we replaced existing data with new estimates from the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME). We also made additional backwards revisions to make the dataset consistent.

See the data here

See the documentation here


Several indicators updated

We updated the following indicators:


Life expectancy at birth (this is a temporary update where we added new data from IHME, we will revise this data in the future). See the data here.


GDP per capita in fixed international dollars (i.e. “Income per person”). A temporary update where we use the new 2011 ppp benchmark from the world bank (we will revise this data in the future). See the data here.


Total GDP (in fixed international dollars). The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.


Growth in GDP per capita (in fixed international dollars), yearly growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.


Growth in GDP per capita (in fixed international dollars), long term growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.


Growth in total GDP (in fixed international dollars), yearly growth. The indicator is based on the new GDP per capita data. See the data here.


CO2 emissions. See the data here.


CO2 per capita emissions. See the data here.

Children per woman updated

2013 is now available in the data. We added new data for Taiwan, Greenland and Russia. We revised the historical data of Russia. See the documentation here and see the data here. This will be version 6 of the data.

Life expectancy updated

We have made a number of revisions to “life expectancy”. We have guesstimated how much life expectancy dropped during a number of wars, epidemics and other disasters. We have also added short explanations for many of these disasters. These explanations are available in the excel file available here You find a FAQ that explains the updates here You can view the new data here

Income per person

We have updated the indicator “Income per person (GDP/capita, PPP$ inflation adjusted)” to version 14. We added interpolations to all years, assuming a constant growth (instead of a constant increase in dollars). This gives a more realistic picture for fast growing economies with sparse data (such as the oil-rich gulf countries). We also made some historical revisions of China, UK, Cambodia, Lebanon, Malta and Greenland. You can view the new data here and the documentation here.

We added Penn World Table 8.0

We added GDP per capita from Penn World Table 8.0. We used the variable labaled “RGDPE” in the database, and divided itby population. The indicator is available unde “for advanced users” -> “Alternative GDP indicators”. It can be viewed here

Children per woman updated

We have updated Children per woman (total fertility rate) with new data from World Population Prospects, including projections (1950-2099). The year 2012 is now included in the data set. We also did some backward revisions and additions (e.g. for China & Greenland). Finally, we did some extrapolations to make sure all countries with data were covered in 1800.

See the indicator here

The documentation is available here

HIV data updated

We updated data for Annual HIV Deaths, New HIV Cases (number of people, all ages and percentage of population aged 15-49) and ART coverage. Backward revisions were performed by UNAIDS. See the latest data in the Gapminder World.

Income per person updated

We have updated “Income per person” and “Income per person with projections”. This will be version 12.

The new data can be viewed here

The documentation for the new data can be viewed here: //www.gapminder.org/data/documentation/gd001/

The following updates have been made:

(a) new updates from IMF and a few other complementary sources, we now have data upto 2012;
(b) revised historical series of former USSR republics so we now have yearly data rather than only benchmark years;
( c ) new data for Kosovo back to 1990;
(d) new swedish data for 1560 to 2005 from Schön & Krantz have been incorporated. Sweden in 1800 is slightly richer with the new data. Much of what is written about Sweden in the pdf documentation from 2011 in section 5.3 is now irrelevant (since that refers to the previous series which were much lower in 1800);
( e ) we deleted the data before 1800 for Finland, Denmark & Norway since they seemed to unreliable inlight of the new swedish data.

Total GDP in PPP

We updated the total GDP in PPP$ (inflation-adjusted). Due to backward revisions in the population data, there are backward revisions to previous versions of the indicator. See the world’s income in the Gapminder World.

co2 and co2 per capita updated

We updated CO2 emiisions (total and per capita) up to 2010 for some countries for which there was data. The co2 per pcaita data is also revised somehwat due to an earlier revision of the population data. We also corrected the name of the total CO2 emission. It sould be “1000 tonnnes” rather than “tonnes”.

total fertility updated

We have updated total fertility (total fertility with projections). We have added South Sudan (at the time of writing it is not visible in the graph) and Greenland. We have also revised Romania, Finland and Sweden. See the new graph here.

Teen fertility updated

We have updated teen fertility upto 2010. We also added historical estimates for an additional number of countries. See the data on a time line here. Or see the data plotted against GDP per capita here.

Total fertility updated

We have extended “children per woman” up to 2011 with projections. The data for Taiwan has also been revised from 2008 and on, using new data. This updated also apply to “total fertility with projections”. For children per women see this link.

GDP per capita updated

We have updated GDP per capita. The data has been extended to 2011 and we have done some backward revisions for the years 2006-2010. The same revisions was done to “GDP per capita  with projections” (which is identical to “GDP per capita” uptil 2010. The main source for these revisions are IMF World Economic Outlook 2012. Note that the data for 2011 can only be seen together with some of the few other indicators that extends to 2011 (e.g life expectency with projections).

fertility updated

We made a minor revision of “children per women” and “children per women with projections”. The revision concerns Taiwan, Virgin Island (US), Hing Kong and Qatar.

dead and surviving kids per woman added

We added two new indicators that show how many children each woman have on average that survive to their 35th birthday, or die before their 35th birthday. The two indicators sum up to the total fertility rate. Projections up to 2100 has been included. A graph with the indicators (with projections) can be seen here.

Population updated

We have updated “population, total” and “population with projections”. “Population, total” covers the period 1700 up to today. “Population with projections” includes projections up to 2100, and we have also included data before 1700 for several countries.

We no longer attempts to do a quality grading of each observation. The data quality indicator is still available in Gapminder World, but it refers to version 1 of “total population”.

For more information please go to the documentation page.

Military expenditure data upgraded

Thanks a lot to Elliot Rankin-Jones, who helped us identify an error in Gapminder World.

The data for “military expenditure (% opf GDP)” has been upgraded with the latest World Bank report.

Please try selecting one country at a time and zoom in (available from the lower left corner of the graph) to see its unique pattern, for example, the U.S.

Long term total GDP added

200 years of total GDP (PPP$, inflation-adjusted) has been added into Gapminder World. graph

This indicator is based on 2 other indicators: GDP per capita (PPP$, inflation-adjusted) and Population.

Documentations for the data compilation process could be found here.

4 World Bank indicators updated

The following 4 indicators have been updated using the latest data from the World Bank:
1. Debt servicing costs (% of exports and net income from abroad)    graph
2. Present value of debt (% of GNI)    graph
3. Exports unit value (index, 2000=100) graph
4. Net barter terms of trade (2000 = 100) graph

6 infrastructure indicators added

By using the latest data from MDG indicators, 6 infrastructure indicators have been added into Gapminder World:

  1. Improved sanitation, overall access (%)
  2. Improved sanitation, urban access (%)
  3. Improved sanitation, rural access (%)
  4. Improved water source, overall access (%)
  5. Improved water source, urban access (%)
  6. Improved water source, rural access (%)

Example graph

6 health indicators added

Based on the latest data from the MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, 6 health indicators have been added into Gapminder World:

1. Body Mass Index (BMI), men, Kg/m2
2. Body Mass Index (BMI), women, Kg/m2
3. Blood pressure, men, mmHg
4. Blood pressure, women, mmHg
5. Cholesterol (fat) in blood, men, mmol/L
6. Cholesterol (fat) in blood, women, mmol/L

Example graph

HIV data updated

Based on the latest UNAIDS data, 3 new indicators of HIV have been added into Gapminder World:
– Newly HIV infected (number, all ages)
– Newly HIV infected (%, age 15-49)
– Annual HIV deaths (number, all ages)

The original 2 indicators of HIV in Gapminder World have also been updated using the latest UNAIDS data:
– People living with HIV (number, all ages)
– Adults with HIV (%, age 15-49)

Example graph

4 Energy indicators upgraded

The following 4 indicators have been upgraded by using the latest WDI data.

  1. Energe use, per person;
  2. Energe use, total;
  3. Energy production, per person;
  4. Energy production, total.

Also the structure of category “Energy” has been re-organized by energy sources.

Cancer deaths data added

During our previous database maintenance, we removed from Gapminder World the indicators for cancer mortality rate and annual deaths. But according to the feedbacks from our keen users, we decided to put them back into Gapminder World.

Please find the indicators from sub-category “Health” -> “Cancer, female” or “Cancer, male”.

8 energy indicators added

The following energy indicators have been added into Gapminder World, by using the latest data from IEA (International Energy Agency):

Electricity use, per person
Electricity use, total
Residential electricity use, per person
Residential electricity use, total
Hydro power generation, per person
Hydro power generation, total
Nuclear power generagion, per person
Nuclear power generagion, total

The economy indicators rearranged

We have renamed some of the indicators under economy. We have also reduced the number of headings. Some indicators have been moved to “for advanced users”.
If you have problem finding any indicator please go to the data page:


Seven indicators added

The following indicators have been added:
-Murder (total deaths)
-Suicide (total deaths)
-Traffic (total deaths)
-War mortality (per 100 000)
-Armed forces personnel, total
-Armed forces personnel (% of labor force)
-Total GDP (PPP $, inflation adjusted)

Food supply per capita added

We added a new indicator that measures the kilocalories available, on average, for each person per day. You find it under “economy” – “consumption”. However, it is a rather poor indicator of malnutrition in a country, since the distribution of food consumption varies.


New indicators! Traffic deaths, suicide, murder and more…

We have added some very interesting new indicators!
Under “Health” we have added traffic deaths per 100,000 persons, suicides per 100,000 persons, murders per 100,000 persons, deaths from burn injures per 100,000 persons, drownings per 100,000 persons, deaths from unintentional poisonings and deaths from fall injuries per 100,000 persons. Note that burns, drownings, poisonings and falls refer to unintentional (accidental) injuries, not murders or suicides.

In addition we added – under Health – alcohol consumption per person; and – under Technology and infrastructure – number of cars, trucks and buses per 100,000 persons.

3 indicators in Gapminder World have been updated:

  1. Maternal mortality ratio per 100 000 live births
    (category “Births and deaths”, subcategory “Deaths”)
    – data from WHO.
  2. Maternal deaths, total number
    (category “Births and deaths”, subcategory “Deaths”)
    – data from WHO.
  3. Number of births, both sexes combined
    (category “Births and deaths”, subcategory “Births”)
    – data from UN Population Division.

4 indicators have been removed from Gapminder World

Due to data quality problem, the following indicators have been removed from Gapminder World:
– Aviation (million kilometres flown)
– Aviation (million passenger-kilometres)
– Aviation (million ton-kilometres)
– Aviation (thousands of passengers carried)

Their original place was in “Technology and infrastructure”.

“GDP per capita from PWT” renamed

The new name is “GDP per capita (PPP) from PWT”. This has been done to clarify that the data is adjusted for purchasing power parities (rather than being based on exchange-rates). The tool tip has also been changed to clarify this.

4 indicators in Gapminder World have been updated

The following indicators have been updated by using the latest World Bank WDI data. Extremely high and low values have been “disabled” in the graph, just in order to show the overall pattern of the world development.

1. Level 1 [Economy] Military expenditure (% of GDP) graph

2. Level 1 [Economy] Gross capital formation (% of GDP) graph

3. Level 1 [Births and deaths] Population growth (annual %) graph

4. Level 1 [Population] Level 2 [Urbanization] Urban population growth (annual %) graph

2008 United States data updating

In the following indicators, 2008 United States data was missing for 2008 due to availability problem, and therefore a 3-year average has been applied (from 2005 to 2007) as the 2008 data, because these 3 indicators have been quite stable during the last several years.

1. Agriculture, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
2. Industry, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
3. Service, contribution to economy (% of GDP)

World Bank indicators updated in Gapminder World

The following indicators in Gapminder World have been updated from the new data provided by the World Bank:
*Agricultural land (% of land area)
*Agriculture, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Arms exports (constant 1990 US$)
*Arms imports (constant 1990 US$)
*Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
*Broadband subscribers
*Broadband subscribers (per 100 people)
*CO2 intensity of economic output (kg CO2 per 2005 PPP $ of GDP)
*Contraceptive use (% of women ages 15-49)
*Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
*External debt, total (% of GNI)
*External debt, total (DOD, current US$)
*Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)
*Foreign direct investment, net outflows (% of GDP)
*Forest area (sq. km)
*High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
*Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
*Imports unit value (index, 2000=100)
*Income growth (per person growth in GDP, %)
*Industry, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)
*Malnutrition, weight for age (% of children under 5)
*Market value of listed companies (% of GDP)
*Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
*Population in urban agglomerations > 1 million (% of total population)
*Roads, paved (% of total roads)
*Services, contribution to economy (% of GDP)
*Surface area (sq. km)
*Tax revenue (% of GDP)
*Total reserves (% of external debt)
*Urban population
*Urban population (% of total)