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Teacher’s guide: 200 years that changed the world

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Secondary school
History, geography & social studies.

About the Lesson/Teacher’s guide

This teacher guide explains how you can use Gapminder World to lecture about global development from 1800 until today. For inspiration, you can watch a brief video-lecture with Hans Rosling here.

Key messages of the lecture

  • In 1800, income per person was low and life expectancy was very short in all countries.
  • Health is better everywhere today, even in the poorest countries.
  • Income is much higher in most, but not all, countries today.
  • The income and health gaps between countries are larger today.
  • Most people today live in “middle income” countries

High income – rare in tropical land-locked countries

The role of geography for the prospects of development has been hotly debated the last decade. Economists, like Jeffrey Sachs, have suggested that a country that are situated in the tropics or that are landlocked face a much larger challenge in development, for a number of reasons.
Continue reading “High income – rare in tropical land-locked countries”

A Slum Insight

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About this Video

A slum insight is a video developed by Gapminder in collaboration with UN-Habitat and ITC for the UN Habitat conference World Urban Forum III , Vancouver, Canada. The film was directed by Filmfront Stockholm and the graphic profile was made by Zut.

Click here to download the video (mp4)

<br /> A Slum Insight is free to use and distribute under a Creative Common licence, as long as you credit Gapminder.

Chile, a developing country?


About this Gapminder Video

What’s the difference between Chile, Cuba and the USA?
Well, it depends on what kind of factors you are looking at. What is obvious however, is that an explanation of reality demands far more complex groupings of countries then in “developed” and “developing countries”.

In some aspects Cuba was closer to USA than to Chile in 1962. Today all three countries has a low child mortality but differs both in fertility rate and in income.

Bangladesh Miracle


About this Gapminder video

Have you heard about the miracle that has happened in Bangladesh over the last 30 years? No?

Bangladesh has the highest population density among the world’s most populous countries. Today, Bangladesh has more people than Russia, but the area is smaller than Florida.

So what is the Miracle? In 1970 an average women in Bangladesh gave birth to 7 children, and one of four of them died before the age of five. But after independence from Pakistan in 1971 things has improved. See Hans Rosling’s Gapminder video to understand how much.



About this Gapminder video

To live in “extreme poverty” – with less than 1 dollar a day – means you wake up hungry, you go to bed hungry and you have to use all your resources just to acquire food.

How has the Global Economy effected the income of people across the world?

Although the percentage of poverty has gone down, the number of poor people is still very high. Still, the percentage of people living in extreme poverty has gone down from around 40 percent 30 years ago to today’s number of around 20 percent.

The good news is that the eradication of poverty is within human range.



About this Gapminder video

In this Gapminder video, Hans Rosling focuses on urbanization. In four minutes he gives a short overview of the urban challenge, showing the last 40 years of development in urbanization and economic growth.

These clips appear in the film “A Slum Insight “.